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Statistics and Measurement

Statistics NZ measure progress in New Zealand in a number of ways. Our most comprehensive framework follows a sustainable development approach. It organises a suite of social, economic and environmental indicators in a coherent way. While this is different from Treasury's Living Standards framework, where the focus in on policy development, there are many overlaps between Treasury’s and Statistics NZ’s work. This is good news, as Statistics NZ’s aims to produce statistics and indicators that can help better decision making.

You might have your own ideas what indicators best measure how well New Zealanders are off. Before you share these with others, have a look what statistician regard as quality indicators.

Key requirements for a good indicator:

  • Reflects adequately and consistently the phenomenon that it is intended to measure
  • Responds rapidly and reflects changes in the phenomenon
  • Is unambiguous with regard to evaluation
  • Is derived from high-quality, methodologically sound data
  • Is relevant to the New Zealand context
  • Is easily understood and provides information useful for decision making

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Indicator NameData SourceLiving Standards GroupCreated
Sustainable Development GoalsOtherLS 0: Overarching Frameworks13-10-2014
Regional population change Statistics New ZealandLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
07-06-2013
Ethnic diversity Statistics New ZealandLS 5: Social Infrastructure07-06-2013
Dependency ratioStatistics New ZealandLS 2: Managing Risks07-06-2013
Fertility rate Statistics New ZealandLS 1: Future Sustainability07-06-2013
Population size and growth Statistics New ZealandLS 1: Future Sustainability07-06-2013
Greenhouse gas emissions by sectorMinistry for the EnvironmentLS 2: Managing Risks24-05-2013
Annual surface temperatureMinistry for the EnvironmentLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 2: Managing Risks
24-05-2013
Local content on New Zealand televisionOtherLS 5: Social Infrastructure24-05-2013
Number of historic placesOtherLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
24-05-2013
Children attending Māori language immersion schoolsMinistry of EducationLS 5: Social Infrastructure24-05-2013
Trust in government institutionsState Services CommissionLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
24-05-2013
Representation of women in Parliament and local governmentOtherLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
24-05-2013
Voter turnout at general and local electionsOtherLS 5: Social Infrastructure24-05-2013
Impact of fear of crime on quality of life Ministry of JusticeLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
24-05-2013
Rate of death from assaultMinistry of HealthLS 5: Social Infrastructure24-05-2013
Formal unpaid work outside the homeStatistics New ZealandLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
24-05-2013
Cancer-survival probabilitiesMinistry of HealthLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Avoidable hospital admissions Ministry of HealthLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Suicide rateMinistry of HealthLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Prevalence of psychological distress Ministry of HealthLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Childhood immunisation coverageMinistry of HealthLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Prevalence of healthy lifestyles Ministry of HealthLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Health expectancy at birthMinistry of HealthLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Household satisfaction with material standard of livingStatistics New ZealandLS 5: Social Infrastructure23-05-2013
Housing affordabilityStatistics New ZealandLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Population with low incomesStatistics New ZealandLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 4: Economic Growth
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Income inequalityStatistics New ZealandLS 3: Increasing Equity23-05-2013
Real household consumption expenditure per personStatistics New ZealandLS 5: Social Infrastructure23-05-2013
Ratio of debt services to export earningsStatistics New ZealandLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 4: Economic Growth
23-05-2013
Real investment in fixed capital per personStatistics New ZealandLS 4: Economic Growth23-05-2013
Real net stock of total assets and of infrastructure per personStatistics New ZealandLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 4: Economic Growth
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Access to early childhood education, by ethnicityMinistry of EducationLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Literacy skillsMinistry of EducationLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 4: Economic Growth
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Participation in tertiary eductionMinistry of EducationLS 4: Economic Growth
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Educational attainment of the adult population Statistics New ZealandLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 4: Economic Growth
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Labour productivityStatistics New ZealandLS 4: Economic Growth23-05-2013
Pay equality by ethnicityStatistics New ZealandLS 3: Increasing Equity23-05-2013
Labour force participation rateStatistics New ZealandLS 4: Economic Growth23-05-2013
Rate of innovation by type Statistics New ZealandLS 4: Economic Growth23-05-2013
Personnel involved in research and developmentOtherLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 4: Economic Growth
23-05-2013
Research and development expenditure by purposeOtherLS 4: Economic Growth23-05-2013
Research and development expenditure as a proportion of GDPStatistics New ZealandLS 4: Economic Growth23-05-2013
Proportion of packaging waste recycledOtherLS 1: Future Sustainability23-05-2013
Proportion of population with access to kerbside recyclingMinistry for the EnvironmentLS 1: Future Sustainability23-05-2013
Solid waste disposed to landfillMinistry for the EnvironmentLS 1: Future Sustainability23-05-2013
Proportion of population in emplyoment walking or cycling to workStatistics New ZealandLS 5: Social Infrastructure23-05-2013
Number of international flights per weekMinistry of TransportLS 5: Social Infrastructure23-05-2013
Total public transport boardings per personNZ Transport AgencyLS 3: Increasing Equity23-05-2013
Road freight intensity of the economyStatistics New ZealandLS 4: Economic Growth23-05-2013
Vehicle-kilometres travelled by road, by vehicle type Ministry of TransportLS 5: Social Infrastructure23-05-2013
Energy-related greenhouse gas emissionsMinistry for the EnvironmentLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 2: Managing Risks
23-05-2013
Energy dependencyMinistry of Business Innovation and EmploymentLS 4: Economic Growth
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Household expenditure on energy used in the home, by income groupStatistics New ZealandLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Percentage of electricity generation from renewable resourcesMinistry of Business Innovation and EmploymentLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 4: Economic Growth
23-05-2013
Energy intensity of the economyMinistry of Business Innovation and EmploymentLS 4: Economic Growth23-05-2013
Total primary energy supply per personMinistry of Business Innovation and EmploymentLS 4: Economic Growth23-05-2013
Hill country erosionOtherLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 4: Economic Growth
23-05-2013
Versatile soil extinctionOtherLS 4: Economic Growth23-05-2013
Contaminated soil sitesOtherLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
23-05-2013
Nitrogen and phosphorus content in soilOtherLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 4: Economic Growth
23-05-2013
Soil healthOtherLS 1: Future Sustainability23-05-2013
Area of land used for farmingStatistics New ZealandLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 4: Economic Growth
22-05-2013
Water allocation compared with total water resourceMinistry for the EnvironmentLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 4: Economic Growth
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
22-05-2013
Bacterial pollution at coastal swimming spots, rivers, and lakesMinistry for the EnvironmentLS 5: Social Infrastructure22-05-2013
Groundwater qualityMinistry for the EnvironmentLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
22-05-2013
Lake water qualityMinistry for the EnvironmentLS 1: Future Sustainability22-05-2013
Biological health of rivers and streamsMinistry for the EnvironmentLS 1: Future Sustainability22-05-2013
Nitrogen in rivers and streamsMinistry for the EnvironmentLS 1: Future Sustainability22-05-2013
Population with drinking water meeting standards OtherLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
22-05-2013
Air pollutionMinistry for the EnvironmentLS 3: Increasing Equity22-05-2013
Stratospheric ozone levels OtherLS 1: Future Sustainability22-05-2013
Greenhouse gas intensity of the economy Statistics New ZealandLS 2: Managing Risks
LS 4: Economic Growth
22-05-2013
Distribution of selected pest animal and weed species Department of ConservationLS 2: Managing Risks22-05-2013
Proportion of assessed fish stocks below target levelsMinistry for Primary IndustriesLS 2: Managing Risks22-05-2013
Distribution of selected native species Department of ConservationLS 1: Future Sustainability
LS 2: Managing Risks
22-05-2013
Strategic Review of health inequalities post 2010 -UK (Marmot Review) - Framework of IndicatorsOtherLS 3: Increasing Equity04-04-2013
Government debt Statistics New ZealandLS 2: Managing Risks30-03-2013
Diversity of exportsStatistics New ZealandLS 2: Managing Risks30-03-2013
Net greenhouse gas emissions Ministry for the EnvironmentLS 1: Future Sustainability30-03-2013
Voter turnout at general electionsOtherLS 5: Social Infrastructure30-03-2013
OECD Better Life Index - Adjusted - Austrian PreferencesOtherLS 0: Overarching Frameworks30-03-2013
Does Money Buy Me Love? Testing Alternative Measures of National WellbeingMotuLS 0: Overarching Frameworks30-03-2013
Real gross national disposable income per personStatistics New ZealandLS 4: Economic Growth30-03-2013
Unemployment RateStatistics New ZealandLS 4: Economic Growth30-03-2013
OECD Better Life IndexOtherLS 0: Overarching Frameworks29-03-2013
Graduate income premiumStatistics New ZealandLS 3: Increasing Equity29-03-2013
Educational attainment in the adult populationStatistics New ZealandLS 3: Increasing Equity
LS 4: Economic Growth
29-03-2013
Literacy skills in the adult populationOtherLS 4: Economic Growth
LS 5: Social Infrastructure
29-03-2013
Completion of tertiary educationMinistry of EducationLS 4: Economic Growth29-03-2013
Children living in low income householdsMinistry of Social DevelopmentLS 3: Increasing Equity29-03-2013
18 year-olds with a minimum of NCEA Level 2 or equivalentMinistry of EducationLS 3: Increasing Equity29-03-2013
Affordability of early childhood educationStatistics New ZealandLS 3: Increasing Equity29-03-2013
Economic Development Indicators 2011 Ministry of Business Innovation and EmploymentLS 4: Economic Growth18-03-2013
Real household consumption expenditure Statistics New ZealandLS 4: Economic Growth14-03-2013
Area of native land cover Ministry for the EnvironmentLS 1: Future Sustainability14-03-2013
Number of threatened species Department of ConservationLS 1: Future Sustainability14-03-2013
Speakers of te reo Māori Statistics New ZealandLS 5: Social Infrastructure14-03-2013