LS 5: Social Infrastructure

‘Social infrastructure’ describes the rules, institutions and processes that affect the features of social organisation and impact on levels of social capital. There is a burgeoning literature which attests to the benefits of social capital eg, in improving individual and community well-being, reducing transaction costs by promoting cooperation and reducing reliance on the state. Social Infrastructure also encapsulates the concept of culture eg, the values, shared beliefs, customs, behaviours and identity that underpin the way society works and help shape and define who we are as New Zealanders.

Social infrastructure exists at many levels, including:
•    the international environment in which New Zealand operates
•    the national environment in which policy is developed
•    the local environment in which communities reside, and
•    the personal environment in which an individual lives.

New Zealand is seen as having relatively high levels of social capital, but this should not be taken for granted and there is still room for improvement in some areas. It may be that for some key outcomes the government wants to achieve, the lack of social infrastructure is the binding constraint to improvements.

Link to the analyst note can be found here.

Please contribute to the Living Standards Knowledge Hub by adding your research and analysis here | measurement and statistics here.

Research and Analysis

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TitleSub-categoriesOrganisationDateUploaded by
Sovereign Wellbeing index for New ZealandCulture and identity
Social connection and governance
Auckland University of Technology (Staff)OngoingMargaret Galt
Background Note on Social InfrastructureCulture and identity
Social connection and governance
The Treasury2013Margaret Galt
Mäori: Demographic Dividend for Economic ReturnEconomy
Living conditions
NZIER2011Margaret Galt
Building Resilience: Social Capital in Post-Disaster RecoverySocial connection and governanceOther2012Margaret Galt
Euro area imbalances: A matter of culture?Economy
Social connection and governance
Other2012Margaret Galt
Child Well-being in Rich Countries: A comparative overviewHealth
Living conditions
Other2013Kristie Carter
Maori Electoral Engagement: A review of the existing dataCulture and identity
Social connection and governance
Other2006Margaret Galt
Māori Electoral ParticipationCulture and identity
Social connection and governance
Massey University (Staff)2007Margaret Galt
Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of healthHealth
Living conditions
Social connection and governance
Work, knowledge and skills
Other2008Kristie Carter
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Measurement and Statistics

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Indicator NameData SourceSub-categoriesFrequencyUploaded by
Regional population change Statistics New ZealandPopulationAd-hocPeter Lee
Ethnic diversity Statistics New ZealandPopulationAd-hocPeter Lee
Local content on New Zealand televisionOtherCulture and identityAnnuallyPeter Lee
Number of historic placesOtherCulture and identityAd-hocPeter Lee
Children attending Māori language immersion schoolsMinistry of EducationCulture and identityAnnuallyPeter Lee
Trust in government institutionsState Services CommissionSocial connection and governanceOne-offPeter Lee
Representation of women in Parliament and local governmentOtherSocial connection and governanceAd-hocPeter Lee
Voter turnout at general and local electionsOtherSocial connection and governanceAnnuallyPeter Lee
Impact of fear of crime on quality of life Ministry of JusticeLiving conditions
Social connection and governance
One-offPeter Lee
Rate of death from assaultMinistry of HealthSocial connection and governanceAnnuallyPeter Lee
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Source: Ministry of Health, Statistics NZ

Source: New Zealand Parliamentary Service, Statistics NZ